New study reveals the harmful effects of excessive beer consumption on brain growth
The idea that alcohol kills brain cells has been around for sometime but how true is it? A recent study at Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) of alcohol’s effect on rhesus macaque monkeys’ brain produced some appalling results! The study shows that substantial use of alcohol reduced the rate of brain growth by 0.25 mm per year of every gram of alcohol consumed per kilogram of body weight. In human terms, it equals to 4 beers a day, stunting the rate of brain growth by approximately 47% per year.
The researchers at Oregon National Primate Research Center observed 71 adolescent and young adult rhesus macaque monkeys voluntarily consuming ethanol and alcoholic drinks, precisely measuring their alcohol intake, diet, daily schedule and health care. Consequently, eliminating factors that tend to confound results in studies involving people. They measured brain growth through Magnetic Resonance Imagining (MRI) and noted alcohol intoxication significantly reduced the rate of brain growth, cerebral white matter and sub-cortical thalamus over time.
The findings of this study validate the previous researches examining the effect of alcohol on human brain development. But the studies on human lacked precise measurements and were mainly based on self-reporting of underage drinkers which produced ambiguous results. Christopher kroenke PhD, an associate professor in the Division of Neuroscience at the Primate Center said, “Our measures pinpoint alcohol drinking with the impaired brain growth.” Thus, eliminating any uncertainty.
The new study hold pivotal position as it is the first to ascertain the normal brain growth of 1mm per 1.87 years in rhesus macaque monkeys in late adolescence and early adulthood. The Study further shows that heavy and extended use of alcohol is associated with a 46.75% reduction in the rate of brain growth annually. Drinking alcohol may produce a feeling of reward but for teenagers a drunken night outs effects might linger longer.
Tatiana Shnitko, PhD, a research assistant said that previous researches have no claims on alcohol causing irreversible brain damage. However, the long term effects of alcohol on mental function and learning are still unclear in young adults once the brain ends its growth phase. The next research is being formulated to address these questions.
The study was funded by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism of the National Institutes of Health and published in eNeuro journal.