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6 Offshore Maule, Chile Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

Man has often found himself helpless against the ruthlessness of natural disasters. The recent climate changes have brought an increase in natural catastrophes. With increase in earthquakes and tsunamis, man is fighting a serious battle of its survival. Earthquakes are the major cause of generating tsunamis causing destruction. Here we look at the 10 most deadliest and destructive earthquakes since 1900.

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10. Assam, Tibet

Name: 1950 Assam – Tibet earthquake
Magnitude: 8.6
Occured: August 15, 1950
Location: Assam, India – Tibet, China

It was the 10th largest earthquake of the 20th century that resulted in 1,526 casualties. The quake was caused by the convergence of two continental plates which resulted in massive land sliding blocking-out the river ways that in-turn generated horrific flooding.

10 Assam, Tibet Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

9. Northern Sumatra, Indonesia

Name: 2005 Sumatra earthquake
Magnitude: 8.6
Occured: March 28, 2005
Location: Sumatra, Indonesia

It was the third most powerful earthquake since 1965 in Indonesia. The earthquake lasted for about two minutes. In the twenty-four hours immediately after the event, there were eight major aftershocks, measuring between 5.5 and 6.0. Approximately 1300 people were killed by this quake.

9 Northern Sumatra, Indonesia Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

8. Rat Island, Alaska

Name: 1965 Rat Islands earthquake
Magnitude: 8.7
Occured: February 4, 1965
Location: Rat Islands, Alaska, USA

The quake triggered a 10m high tsunami but caused little destruction due to its remote location and fortunately no deaths were reported.

8 Rat Island, Alaska Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

7. Off the Coast of Ecuador, Columbia

Name: 1906 Ecuador-Colombia earthquake
Magnitude: 8.8
Occured: January 31, 1906
Location: Ecuador – Colombia

The quake triggered a destructive tsunami that caused at least 500-1500 casualties on the coast of Colombia.

7 Off the Coast of Ecuador, Columbia Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

6. Offshore Maule, Chile

Name: 2010 Chile earthquake
Magnitude: 8.8
Occured: 2010
Location: Chile

Only a month after the disastrous 7.0 Haiti quake that killed 200,000 people, Chile became the centre of destruction. The quake killed 500 people, displaced 800,000 and 1.8 million were directly affected. The damages were estimated at $30 billion.

6 Offshore Maule, Chile Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

5. Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia

Name: 1952 Kamchatka earthquakes
Magnitude: 9.0
Occured: November 4, 1952
Location: Kamchatka, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

It was the first 9.0 magnitude earthquake ever recorded causing destruction and loss of life around the Kamchatka peninsula. Damages of up to US$1 million were estimated. 

5 Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

4. East Coast of Honshu, Japan

Name: 2011 Tōhoku earthquake
Magnitude: 9.0
Occured: March 11, 2011
Location: Pacific Ocean, Tōhoku region, Japan

The earthquake is also often referred as the Great East Japan Earthquake. It was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded to have hit Japan and the fourth most powerful earthquake in the world since modern record-keeping began in 1900. The earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves that reached heights of up to 40.5 metres (133 ft.) which travelled up to 10 km. The quake lasted for approx. 6 minutes killing 29,000 people and damaging Fukushima Nuclear Reactors.

4 East Coast of Honshu, Japan Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

3. Off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra

Name: 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
Magnitude: 9.2
Occured: December 26, 2004
Location: Indian Ocean, Sumatra, Indonesia

It is the third largest earthquake ever recorded on a seismograph that lasted between 8.3 and 10 minutes. It caused the entire planet to vibrate as much as 1 centimetre and triggered other earthquakes as far away as Alaska. It killed 227,898 people and 1.7 million were displaced by the following tsunami that hit 14 countries in the South-East Asia and East Africa.

3 Off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

2. Prince William, Alaska

Name: 1964 Alaska earthquake
Magnitude: 9.2
Occured:
March 27, 1964
Location: Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA

Lasting four minutes and 38 seconds, it was the most powerful recorded earthquake in U.S. and North American history, and the second most powerful ever measured on a seismograph. The powerful earthquake caused soil liquefaction in the region that caused massive landslides hitting Anchorage’s business sector. It killed 128 people, ruined telephone lines, gas pipes and electrical systems and disrupted the activities in many towns of Alaska. Property damage was estimated at about $311 million.

2 Prince William, Alaska Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

1. Valdivia, Chile

Name: 1960 Valdivia earthquake
Magnitude: 9.5
Occured: May 22, 1960
Location: Valdivia, Chile

It is the most powerful earthquake ever recorded, rating 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale. The casualties were estimated from 3,000 – 6,000 while the monetary damages were estimated from US$400 million to 800 million.

1 Valdivia, Chile Ten Most Deadliest and Destructive Earthquakes Since 1900

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